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1950


 

 

 

 

NEWS AT HOME IN 1950

  • The population of the United States as reported by the 1950 Census is 150,697,361.  

  • 64% of Americans now live in cities.

  • There were 34,763 motor vehicle related deaths. While in the air, there were 6 accidents resulting in 144 fatalities.

  • Median age for 1st marriage is 22.8 years old for men and 20.3 for women. By 1998, it will be 26.7 years old for men and 25 for women.

  • There are 1,667,231 marriages to 385,144 divorces (23%). By 1998 there will be 2,256,000 marriages and 955,000 divorces (43%).

  • Time Person Of The Year: American Fighting-Man, Representing Korean War troops. (First Abstract Chosen)

  • Antihistamines enter popular use for treatment of allergies and head-colds.

  • Telephone Answering Machine created by Bell Laboratories and Western Electric.

  • The first self-service elevator is installed by Otis Elevator in Dallas.

  • Truman orders development of hydrogen bomb. Albert Einstein warns against the hydrogen bomb.

  • Assassination attempt on President Truman by Puerto Rican nationalists.

  • Senator Joseph McCarthy Begins Communist Witch Hunt.

  • FBI institutes the 10 Most Wanted List.

  • Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and the Port Authority open in NYC.

  • In 17 minutes, 11 men robbed Brinks in Boston of $2.8 million.

  • President Harry Truman ordered the Army to seize control of the nation's railroads to avert a strike.

  • The U.S. produced 400,000 lbs. of penicillin.

  • J. Andre-Thomas invents the first heart-lung machine, allowing advanced life-support during open-heart surgery.


 

NEWS ABROAD IN 1950

  • The population of the world is approximately 2.5 billion.

  • Nobel peace prize awarded to Ralph J. Bunche. This first Black recipient was Undersecretary of the U.N. at the time.

  • Mother Teresa founded the first Mission of Charity in Calcutta, India.

  • North Korea invades South Korea. Truman orders the U.S. into the war. Three million soldiers and civilians will be killed or wounded before it ends in 1953.

  • Robert Schuman proposes Schuman Plan, forerunner to Common Market, to pool European coal and steel.

  • USSR announces they have developed the atomic bomb.

  • Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women.

  • Death penalty abolished in Belgium.

  • Prince Rainer becomes ruler of Monaco.  

 

 

COMMERCE IN 1950

  • US GNP (Gross National Product) is $288.5 billion.

  • Twenty-one and six tenth percent (21.6) of wives work outside the home. By 1960, that number hits 30.5 percent.  

  • There was a 34.3% business failure rate.  

  • Unemployment is 5.3%.  

  • Sixty-three percent of all advertising dollars are spent on newspapers; 3.3% on TV.    

  • First Modern Credit Card Introduced: Diners Club. 

  • The U.S. will import 21,287 passenger cars. That number will climb to 668,070 by 1959, which will be a stellar year for imports.

  • The Open Kettle, a coffee and donut shop in Quincy Mass. is renamed Dunkin' Donuts. The first franchise is offered in 1955. 

  • PaperMate is the first leak-proof ballpoint pen in 1950.  

  • Haloid Corporation (later renamed Xerox) develops the first xerographic copy machine.  

  • There are 407 beer breweries in operation.  

  • Silly Putty is introduced!  

  • Minute Rice is launched with the first consumer advertising ever put behind rice.  

  • KRAFT® Deluxe process cheese slices - the first commercially packaged sliced process cheese - are introduced.  

  • The Pillsbury Company launches its annual "Bake-off" to promote flour. Sugar Pops are introduced.  

  • Ball-O-Fire gumballs introduced.  

  • Rice Chex and Wheat Chex.

  • Betty Crocker's Picture Cook Book is a best seller.  

 


ENTERTAINMENT NEWS OF 1950

  • Nobel for literature awarded to William Faulkner.

  • Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers & Hammerstein for South Pacific.

  • Guys & Dolls opens on Broadway. 

  • Hank Snow makes his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry.

  • Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast.

  • Walt Disney's Cinderella opens in theaters. 

  • There are now 2,200 drive-in movie theatres, twice as many as in 1949.    

  • Cartoonist Hank Ketcham created one of the most enduringly irresistible imps in the world., Dennis the Menace. By 2000, the comic panel appears in more than 1,200 newspapers in 48 countries and in 19 languages.  

  • RCA 45 RPM record attachment - now you can play RCA's new 45's!

  • Seeburg begins selling jukeboxes which play 45 RPM records. 

  • Leo Fender's guitar company introduced their Broadcaster and Esquire models, the first mass-produced solid body electric guitars. 

  • CBS receives an FCC license to begin broadcasting in color.

  • Hopalong Cassidy starring William Boyd, debuted on TV and 600,000 Hoppy lunchboxes were sold in 1950 alone.

  • Zenith introduces "lazy bones" tuning - change all television stations from the comfort of your easy chair. Hand held device plugs into TV.

  • A.C. Nielsen's Audimeters track viewer watching.

  • There are 10,500,000 TV sets in 10,400,000 homes.

 

 

ACADEMY AWARDS OF 1950

  
 

MOST POPULAR FILMS OF 1950
(Ranked by Internet Movie Database)

1. Sunset Blvd.
A hack screenwriter writes a screenplay for a former silent-film star who has faded into Hollywood obscurity.
Dir: Billy Wilder; With: William Holden, Gloria Swanson, Erich von Stroheim             

2. Cinderella
When Cinderella's cruel stepmother prevents her from attending the Royal Ball, she gets some unexpected help from the lovable mice Gus and Jaq,and from her Fairy Godmother.
Dir: Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson; With: Ilene Woods, James MacDonald, Eleanor Audley       

3. All About Eve
An ingenue insinuates herself in to the company of an established but aging stage actress and her circle of theater friends.Dir: Joseph L. Mankiewicz; With: Bette Davis, Anne Baxter, George Sanders

4. RashomonA heinous crime and its aftermath are recalled from differing points of view.
Dir: Akira Kurosawa; With: Toshirô Mifune, Machiko Kyô

5. Harvey
Elwood P. Dowd is a mild-mannered, pleasant man, who just happens (he says) to have an invisible friend resembling a 6-foot rabbit.
Dir: Henry Koster; With: James Stewart, Josephine Hull, Peggy Dow

6. Orpheus
Orphee is a poet who becomes obsessed with Death (the Princess). They fall in love. Orphee's wife, Eurydice
Dir: Jean Cocteau; With: Jean Marais, François Périer, María Casares

7. Two Flags West
Dir: Robert Wise; With: Joseph Cotten, Linda Darnell, Jeff Chandler

8. No Way OutThe Biddle brothers, shot while robbing a gas station, are taken to the prison ward of the County Hospital.Dir: Joseph L. Mankiewicz; With: Richard Widmark, Linda Darnell, Stephen McNally

9. In a Lonely Place
A potentially violent screenwriter is a murder suspect until his lovely neighbor clears him. But she begins to have doubts.Dir: Nicholas Ray; With: Humphrey Bogart, Gloria Grahame, Frank Lovejoy

10. The White TowerSix people come together in the Swiss Alps to climb a mountain, known as 'The White Tower,' which has never been climbed. While struggling together to conquer the obstacle, each climber shows his true worth, or lack of.
Dir: Ted Tetzlaff; With: Claude Rains, Glenn Ford, Alida Valli

 
 

TOP RATED TV SHOWS OF 1950
(October 1950 - April 1951)

  • Texaco Star Theatre

  • Fireside Theatre

  • Philco TV Playhouse

  • Your Show of Shows 

  • The Colgate Comedy Hour

  • Gillette Cavalcade of Stars

  • The Lone Ranger 

  • Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts

  • Hopalong Cassidy

  • Mama 

  • Robert Montgomery Presents 

  • Martin Lane, Private Eye

  • Man Against Crime

  • Kraft Televison Theatre

  • The Toast of the Town


 

TOP 10 SONGS OF 1950
(Songs listed are from rock and roll and related genres. These songs are ranked based on their initial and lasting popularity, as well as their influence and impact on the evolution of rock and related genres. Songs are listed strictly in the year that they were originally released in.)

  • The Fat Man, Fats Domino  

  • Please Send Me Someone To Love, Percy Mayfield    

  • Teardrops From My Eyes, Ruth Brown    

  • Mona Lisa, Nat "King" Cole 

  • Tennessee Waltz, Patti Page   

  • Long Gone Lonesome Blues, Hank Williams

  • Mardi Gras In New Orleans, Professor Longhair    

  • I'm Movin' On, Hank Snow

  • Rollin' Stone, Muddy Waters  

HIT-PARADE SONGS OF 1950
(Songs are the overall best sellers for the calendar year as tabulated by Cash Box magazine)

  •  Music! Music! Music! Teresa Brewer

  • Enjoy Yourself (It's Later Than You Think), Guy Lombardo & His Royal Canadians

  • I Wanna Be Loved, The Andrews Sisters   

  • A Bushel and a Peck, Betty Hutton  

  • My Foolish Heart, Gordon Jenkins  

  • Play a Simple Melody, Gary Crosby   

  • The Cry of the Wild Goose, Frankie Laine  

  • All My Love, Patti Page   

  • Sentimental Me, The Ames Brothers

  • There's No Tomorrow, Tony Martin  

  • I'll Never Be Free, Kay Starr

  • Harbor Lights, Sammy Kaye  

  • Hoop-Dee-Doo, The Fontane Sisters  

  • I Can Dream, Can't I? The Andrews Sisters  

  • Mona Lisa, Nat King Cole  

  • Nevertheless (I'm in Love with You), The Mills Brothers

  • Goodnight Irene, The Weavers  

  • Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered, Doris Day  

  • Rag Mop, The Ames Brothers 

  • Bonaparte's Retreat, Kay Starr  

  • La Vie en Rose, Tony Martin

  • The Tennessee Waltz, Patti Page  

  • Dear Hearts and Gentle People, Bing Crosby

  • It Isn't Fair, Sammy Kaye


 

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL OF 1950

1950 MLB AWARDS AND HONORS
MOST VALUABLE PLAYER:

ROOKIE OF THE YEAR:

THE SPORTING NEWS PLAYER OF THE YEAR: Phil Rizzuto, New York Yankees

THE SPORTING NEWS MANAGER OF THE YEAR: Red Rolfe, Detroit Tigers


1950 MLB STATISTICAL LEADERS

AMERICAN LEAGUE   

NATIONAL LEAGUE


1950 MLB WORLD SERIES: New York Yankees over Philadelphia Phillies, (4-0)
The Phillies, a particularly young team which came to be known as the "Whiz Kids", had won the National League pennant in dramatic fashion on the final day of the season to garner their second pennant - their first in 35 years. Their Cinderella story would end there as the Yankees swept the series in four games for their second consecutive championship, and their thirteenth overall.


1950 MLB ALL-STAR GAME: National League wins 4-3 in 14 innings.


 

IMPORTANT FOOTBALL OF 1950

1950 CHICAGO PREP BOWL: Mount Carmel 45, Lane Technical 20


1950 NFL MVP: No Selection


1950 NFL STATISTICAL LEADERS


NFL PRO BOWL   


1950 NFL CHAMPIONSHIP GAME: Cleveland over Los Angeles, (30-28)
For the first time, deadlocks occurred in both conferences and playoffs were necessary. The Browns defeated the Giants in the American and the Rams defeated the Bears in the National. Cleveland defeated Los Angeles 30-28 in the NFL Championship Game, December 24.


OHER 1950 NFL NEWS

  • Unlimited free substitution was restored, opening the way for the era of two platoons and specialization in pro football.

  • The name National Football League was restored after about three months as the National-American Football League. The American and National conferences were created to replace the Eastern and Western divisions.

  • The Los Angeles Rams became the first NFL team to have all of its games - both home and away - televised. The Washington Redskins followed the Rams in arranging to televise their games; other teams made deals to put selected games on television. 


 

NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION OF 1950

NBA ALL STAR GAME: Not begun until 1951.


NBA CHAMPSHIP SERIES OF 1950: Rochester Royals over the New York Knicks, (4-3)
When Rochester took the first three games of the finals, a quick knockout seemed in order. But the Knicks stormed back, winning three games by margins of six, three and seven points to send the series to a seventh and deciding game in Rochester.

The Royals led by as many as 16 points during the first half, but the Knicks battled back to take a two-point lead with two minutes to go. With 40 seconds left and the score tied, Davies was fouled on a drive to the basket and sank two free throws. The Royals hung on for a 79-75 victory, and temporarily interrupted the Minneapolis dynasty.


OTHER 1950 NBA NEWS: The first Black basketball players were drafted: Chuck Cooper with Boston, Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton with New York, and Earl Lloyd with Washington.


 

 ADDITIONAL SPORTS' NEWS OF 1950

1950 AUTO RACING


1950 BOXING: Ezzard Charles retains his World Heavyweight Championship with a 15 round unanimous decision over Joe Louis in New York City.


1950 WORLD FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONS

 
1950 MEN'S GOLF


1950 WOMEN'S GOLF: US OPEN: Babe Zaharias


1950 TRIPLE CROWN HORSERACING


1950 ICE HOCKEY


1950 MEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS


1950 WOMEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS


ADDITIONAL TENNIS NEWS OF 1950: Tennis admits first Black woman, Althea Gibson.
 

 
 

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