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1952

 

 

NEWS AT HOME IN 1952

  • U.S. population: 157,552,740

  • Life expectancy: 68.8 years

  • Average yearly income: $3,890

  • Federal hourly minimum wage: $.75

  • Cost of a new home: $16,800

  • Cost of a new car: $1,700

  • Cost of a first-class stamp: $.03

  • Federal spending: $67.69 billion

  • Federal debt: $269.1 billion

  • Time Person of the Year: Elizabeth II

  • President Truman seizes U.S. steel mills to avert an industry-wide strike for higher wages. The President asserts that the industry is vital to the defense of the U.S., but the Supreme Court rules the seizure unconstitutional. The strike is settled after 54 days in talks at the White House.

  • U.S. Supreme Court upholds the decision barring segregation on interstate railways.

  • Presidential campaigns are the first to be broadcast on television.

  • Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Richard Nixon defends himself against charges of maintaining a secret slush fund in his “Checkers” speech, broadcast on national television.

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower elected President over Adlai Stevenson by a wide margin.

  • Republicans gain control of White House and both houses of Congress.

  • Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

  • The first plastic artificial heart valve is developed at Georgetown Medical Center.

  • Jacques Cousteau Discovers Ancient Greek Ship.

  • Polio paralyzed 57,000 children; 3,300 people in the U.S. die from polio. Many more will be crippled.

  • Jonas Salk develops the first experimentally safe dead-virus polio vaccine.

  • The first birth control pill is introduced, although it will not be available to the public for another 8 years.

  • Atomic Energy Commision announces “satisfactory” experiments in hydrogen-weapons research; eyewitnesses tell of blasts near Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.

  • University of Tennessee admits its first black student.

  • There were 37,794 motor vehicle related deaths; and in the air, there were 5 accidents resulting in 140 fatalities.

  • Korean conflict continues as truce attempts fail.

  • Puerto Rico becomes a Commonwealth under U.S. jurisdiction.

  • Nautilus, the first atomic submarine, is dedicated in Groton, Connecticut.

  • US troops complete their pull-out from Japan.

  • Car Seat Belts Introduced.

  • Ronald Reagan and actress Nancy Davis were married in San Fernando Valley, California. It was Reagan's second marriage.



NEWS ABROAD IN 1952

  • Albert Schwietzer wins Nobel Peace Prize.

  • Elizabeth II becomes Queen of England at age 25 after the death of her father, King George VI.

  • Sister Theresa becomes Mother Theresa and begins her charity work in Calcutta, India.

  • Britain develops atomic bomb.

  • From December 5 to December 9, 1952, a thick fog settled on London. This fog mixed with trapped black smoke created a deadly layer of smog. Although there was no great panic at the time, the smog proved deadly. In the five days it hovered over London, the smog killed 4,000 people. In the following weeks, another 8,000 people died from exposure to the Great Smog of 1952.

  • King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup by Gamal Abdel Nasser.

 

COMMERCE OF 1952

  • Unemployment is 3.1%.

  • US GNP (Gross National Product) is $355.1 billion.

  • There was a 28.7% business failure rate.

  • The Consumer Price Index is 26.5.

  • Telephone area codes begin.

  • The typical U.S. grocery store now carries about 4,000 different items, up from about 870 in 1928.By the mid-1960s the grocery will be a supermarket carrying some 8,000 items.

  • Sony, a brand new Japanese company, introduces the first pocket-sized transistor radio.

  • The first Holiday Inn opens and has the familiar bright yellow and green sign.

  • The DeHavilland Comet, a commercial jet aircraft, made its debut. Twenty-one of this first model were built. Seven of them crashed due to a kind of metal fatigue that the designers had not considered.

  • 58,000 Scrabble sets are sold, a real resurgence for the 1931 toy.

  • Mr. Potato Head arrives!

  • Howard Johnson's opens its 351st restaurant and becomes the world's largest food chain.

  • Clarence Birdseye marketed the first frozen peas.

  • Mrs. Paul's introduces frozen fish sticks.

  • Roy Campanella, Preacher Roe (baseball) and Glenn Davis, Bob Waterfield (football) get their own Wheaties boxes!

  • Lipton onion soup mix comes along.

  • Pream, a powdered nondairy coffee lightener is introduced. It keeps longer than real cream and costs less.

  • Sugar Frosted Flakes, 29 percent sugar, are introduced by Kelloggs.

  • Colonel Sanders sells first Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise.

  • Microwave ovens made available for domestic use. The first models are the size of refrigerators and cost over $1,200.

  • Green-tinted chlorophyll becomes a popular additive to a variety of food and medicinal products as a breath aid, a benefit soon to be disputed by many doctors and scientists.

 

ENTERTAINMENT IN 1952

  • Ernest Hemingway, a heavyweight in American literature, publishes The Old Man in the Sea.    

  • Norman Vincent Peale, publishes his most popular book, The Power of Positive Thinking; and it sells more than 20 million copies in 41 languages.

  • African-American novelist Ralph Ellison publishesThe Invisible Man to immediate popular acclaim.

  • "Anne Frank, Diary of a Young Girl" published in the U.S.

  • Mad magazine makes its debut in May as a 32-page comic book full of zany nonsense. Alfred E. Neuman has yet to make his appearance, but he's coming.

  • Over 2,000 new TV Stations opened across the US. TV has become so popular that between 1948-1952 film profits dropped by $500 million.

  • Guiding Light, currently the longest running drama in broadcasting history, premiered on TV after being a staple on radio since 1937.

  • TV first acknowledges pregnancy on I Love Lucy.

  • The Honeymooners debuts on CBS.

  • Television’s first magazine-format program, the Today show, debuts on NBC.

  • Gibson introduced the Les Paul model electric guitar, which was destined to become one of the most popular rock guitars of all time.

 

ACADEMY AWARDS OF 1952

  • PICTURE: The Greatest Show on Earth, Cecil B. DeMille, Producer
     
  • ACTOR: Gary Cooper, High Noon
     
  • ACTRESS: Shirley Booth, Come Back, Little Sheba
     
  • SONG: High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin') from High Noon; Music by Dimitri Tiomkin and lyrics by Ned Washington

MOST POPULAR FILMS OF 1952

1. Singin' in the Rain. A silent film production company and cast make a difficult transition to sound.
Dir: Stanley Donen, Gene Kelly; With: Gene Kelly, Donald O'Connor, Debbie Reynolds

2. Room for One More
Norman Taurog; With: Cary Grant, Betsy Drake, Lurene Tuttle

3. High Noon
A marshall, personally compelled to face a returning deadly enemy, finds that his own town refuses to help him.
Dir: Fred Zinnemann; With: Gary Cooper, Grace Kelly, Thomas Mitchell

4. Ikiru
Kanji Watanabe is a long time bureaucrat in a city office who, along with the rest of the office, spends his entire working life doing nothing.
Dir: Akira Kurosawa; With: Takashi Shimura, Nobuo Kaneko, Shin'ichi Himori, Drama

5. Blackbeard, the Pirate
Honest Edward Maynard finds himself serving as ship's surgeon under the infamous pirate Blackbeard.
Dir: Raoul Walsh: With: Robert Newton, Linda Darnell, William Bendix

6. The Quiet Man
A retired American Boxer returns to the Irish village where he was born and finds love.
Dir: John Ford; With: John Wayne, Maureen O'Hara, Barry Fitzgerald

7. The Greatest Show on Earth
The film tells about the dramatic lives of trapeze artists, a clown, and an elephant trainer against a background of circus spectacle.
Dir: Cecil B. DeMille; With james Stewart, Charlton Heston, Betty Hutton

8. Monkey Business
Baraaby Fulton is a research chemist working on a fountain of youth pill for a chemical company. He tries a sample dose on himself.
Dir: Howard Hawks; With: Cary Grant, Ginger Rogers, Marilyn Monroe

9. Limelight
A fading comedian and a suicidally despondent ballet dancer must look to each other to find meaning and hope in their lives.
Dir: Charles Chaplin; With Charles Chaplin, Claire Bloom, Nigel Bruce

10. Viva Zapata!
The film is the story of Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata, who led a rebellion against the corrupt, oppressive dictatorship of president Porfirio Diaz in the early 20th Century.
Dir: Elia Kazan; With Marlon Brando, Jean Peters, Anthony Quinn

 

TOP TV SHOWS OF 1952
(October, 1952 to APRIL, 19530)  

  • I Love Lucy
  • Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts

  • Arthur Godfrey and His Friends

  • Dragnet

  • Texaco Star Theatre

  • The Buick Circus Hour

  • The Colgate Comedy Hour

  • Gangbusters

  • You Bet Your Life

  • Fireside Theatre

  • The Red Buttons Show

  • The Jack Benny Show

  • Life With Luigi

  • Pabst Blue Ribbon Bouts

  • Goodyear TV Playhouse

 

TOP 10 SONGS OF 1952
(Songs listed are from rock and roll and related genres. These songs are ranked based on their intitial and lasting popularity, as well as their influence and impact on the evolution of rock and related genres. Songs are listed strictly in the year that they were originally released in.)

  • Lawdy Miss Clawdy, Lloyd Price

  • Jambalaya (On The Bayou), Hank Williams

  • Have Mercy Baby, Dominoe

  • One Mint Julep, Clovers

  • Night Train, Jimmy Forrest

  • My Song, Johnny Ace

  • Goin' Home, Fats Domino

  • Moody Mood For Love,King Pleasure

  • Juke, Little Walter

  • Baby, Don't Do It, "5" Royales

 

HIT PARADE SONGS OF 1952
(Songs are the overall best sellers for the calendar year as tabulated by Cash Box magazine.)

  • The Glow Worm, Mills Brothers

  • Wheel of Fortune, Kay Starr

  • Maybe Half as Much, Rosemary Clooney

  • Slow Poke, Pee Wee King & His Golden West Cowboys

  • You Belong to Me, Jo Stafford

  • Lady of Spain, Eddie Fisher

  • Delicado, Percy Faith & His Orchestra

  • Kiss of Fire, Georgia Gibbs

  • I'm Yours, Don Cornell

  • The Little White Cloud That Cried, Johnnie Ray

  • Lover, Peggy Lee

  • Wish You Were Here, Eddie Fisher

  • Jambalaya (On the Bayou), Jo Stafford

  • Blue Tango, Leroy Anderson & His "Pops" Concert Orchestra

  • I Went to Your Wedding, Patti Page

  • High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me), Tex Ritter

  • Tiger Rag, Les Paul & Mary Ford

  • Tell Me Why, The Four Aces

  • A Guy Is a Guy, Doris Day

  • Here in My Heart, Al Martino

  • Anytime, Eddie Fisher

 

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL OF 1952

1952 MLB AWARDS AND HONORS

MOST VALUABLE PLAYER AWARD


ROOKIE OF THE YEAR AWARD


THE SPORTING NEWS PLAYER OF THE YEAR AWARD: Robin Roberts, Philadelphia Phillies


THE SPORTING NEWS MANAGER OF THE YEAR AWARD: Eddie Stanky, St. Louis Cardinals
 

1952 MLB STATISTICAL LEADERS

 AMERICAN LEAGUE                                     

NATIONAL LEAGUE

1952 MBL WORLD SERIES

The 1952 World Series featured the three-time defending champion New York Yankees beating the Brooklyn Dodgers in seven games. The Yankees won their fourth straight, manager Casey Stengel became the second manager in Major League history with four (4) consecutive championships. Joe McCarthy was the first from 1936- 1939. It was the fifteenth championship in the Yankees' history, and the third defeat of the Dodgers in six years.

In Game 7, the Yankees' second basemanBilly Martin made a game-saving catch. Also, the home run hit by Mickey Mantle during the eighth inning of Game 6 was significant because it was the first of his record eighteen (18) career World Series home runs.



IMPORTANT FOOTBALL OF 1952

1952 CHICAGO PREP BOWL: Mount Carmel 27, Austin 19


1952 NFL STATISTICAL LEADERS

  • NFL MVP OF 1952: No Selection


1952 NFL CHAMPIONSHIP: The Detroit Lions won their first NFL championship in 17 years, defeating the Browns 17-7 in the title game, December 28.
 

1952 NFL PROBOWL

  • SCORE: National Conference 27, American Conference 7 

  • COACHES: Paul Brown, Cleveland (AC) and Buddy Parker, Detroit (NC)

OTHER 1952 NFL NEWS

  • Ted Collins sold the New York Yanks' franchise back to the NFL. A new franchise was awarded to a group in Dallas after it purchased the assets of the Yanks. The new Texans went 1-11, with the owners turning the franchise back to the league in midseason. For the last five games of the season, the commissioner's office operated the Texans as a road team, using Hershey, Pennsylvania, as a home base. At the end of the season the franchise was canceled, the last time an NFL team failed.

  • The Pittsburgh Steelers abandoned the Single-Wing for the T-formation, the last pro team to do so.

 

NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION OF 1952

NBA CHAMPIONSHIP: Minneapolis Lakers over the New York Knicks, 4 - 1.    
New York had learned from past experience that it would not be easy to beat Minneapolis without the homecourt advantage. But with the 2-3-2 format in place, New York figured it could win if it could somehow take one of the first two games in Minneapolis. The Knicks got their win in Game 1, 96-88, and seemed poised to take control.

But George Mikan, who had played in New York many times while in college, and the Lakers had other ideas. The Lakers took all three in New York, two in convincing fashion, to put to rest the homecourt advantage--at least for this series.

1952 NBA ALL STAR GAME

  • SCORE: East defeats West, 108 - 91

  • MVP: Paul Arizin, Philadelphia

OTHER 1952 NBA NEWS

  • Excessive fouling was still a big problem, and several rules changes relating to the last few minutes of a game had failed to bring adequate relief.

  • Fouls rose to 58 per game, and teams set records for free throw attempts.

  • Neil Johnston, a 6-8 hook-shooting center, won the first of his three straight league scoring titles, while last year's champion, Paul Arizin, spent the first of two years in the military.

  • Boston was coming of age with the exciting backcourt of Bob Cousy and sweet-shooting Bill Sharman, but they couldn't get by the Knicks, who had a host of good players that played together to overcome their height deficiencies.

 

ADDITIONAL SPORTS' NEWS OF 1952

1952 AUTO RACING


1952 BOXING: Rocky Marciano knocked out Jersey Joe Walcott in the 13th round to win the World Heavyweight Championship.
 

1952 WORLD FIGURE SKATING


1952 MEN'S GOLF

1952 WOMEN'S GOLF: US Women's Open, Louise Suggs


1952 TRIPLE CROWN THOROUGHBRED HORSE RACING


1952 ICE HOCKEY

 
1952 MEN'S OLYMPIC GOLD MEDAL


1952 WOMEN'S OLYMPIC GOLD MEDAL


1952 MEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS


1952 WOMEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS

 

* Maureen Connolly becomes the youngest woman to win the U.S. Open in tennis.


 

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