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1953

 

 

 

 

 

NEWS at HOME IN 1953

  • Time Person Of The Year: Konrad Adenauer

  • General Dwight D. Eisenhower inaugurated President of United States.

  • Governor Earl Warren of California is named Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, a position he would hold until 1969.

  • The Department of Health, Education and Welfare is established with Cabinet status. Oveta Culp Hobby is sworn in as Secretary, only the second woman in history to achieve this rank. (Frances Perkins under FDR was the first.)

  • University of Minnesota physiologist Ancel Keys points out a correlation between coronary heart disease and diets high in animal fats.

  • John H. Gibbon performs the first successful open heart surgery in which the blood is artificially circulated and oxygenated by a heart-lung machine.

  • James Watson, Francis Crick, and Rosalind Franklin discover structure of DNA.

  • 46.4% of all domestic passenger travel was by railroad; 28.9% by bus; and 21.6% by air.

  • New York adopts three color traffic lights.

  • The farm population is down 239,000 over a two year period and now stands at 24,819,000.

  • Jacqueline Cochrane, USA, is the first woman to break sound barrier.

  • Chuck Yeager reaches Mach 2.43 (2,575 kph) in Bell X-1A rocket plane.

  • There are 37,955 motor vehicle related deaths. While in the air, there were 6 accidents resulting in 88 fatalities.


 

NEWS ABROAD IN 1953

  • General George C. Marshall wins Nobel Peace Prize.

  • Korean armistice signed.

  • Egypt becomes a republic ruled by military junta.

  • East Berliners rise against Communist rule. The Soviets roll tanks into city.

  • Tito becomes president of Yugoslavia.


 

COMMERCE in 1953

  • There is a 33.2% business failure rate.

  • Unemployment is 2.9%.

  • US GNP (Gross National Product) is $378.0 billion.

  • Prime commercial paper (4 to 6 mos) was at 2.52%. In New York City a commercial loan ran 3.47%.

  • Chevrolet begins to roll out plastic-bodied Corvettes.

  • The French Sardine Co. (in existence since 1917) becomes Star-Kist Foods. Charlie will appear in 1961.

  • Dow Chemical creates Saran Wrap.

  • Irish Coffee is introduced at San Francisco's Buena Vista Cafe at the foot of Hyde Street Hill on the Beach Street cable line.

  • Kraft Cheez Whiz is introduced as a shortcut for homemakers making Welsh rarebit.

  • White Rose Redi-tea is the world's first instant iced tea.

  • Sugar Smacks, 56 percent sugar, is introduced by Kelloggs.

  • Howdy Doody tumbler becomes available from Welch's.

  • Lawry’s Original Spaghetti Sauce Mix is marketed.

  • TV Dinners from Swanson are in stores’ freezers.

  • Pepperidge Farm butter cookies find their way from market to lunch boxes.

  • Eggo, frozen waffles make a tasty quick breakfast.


 

ENTERTAINMENT IN 1953 

  • Ernest Hemmingway wins Pulitzer for The Old Man and the Sea.

  • Ian Fleming publishes the first James Bond novel, Casino Royale.

  • A Stillness atAppomattox by Bruce Catton is published, along with Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury.

  • To counteract the threat of television, Hollywood thinks big and develops wide-screen processes such as CinemaScope as first seen in The Robe.

  • Walt Disney's Peter Pan released.

  • The first 3-D movie is shown: Arch Oboler's Bwana Devil, starring Robert Stack.

  • The Academy Awards are televised for the first time.

  • On the Air: 2,357 AM radio, 616 FM radio, and 125 TV Stations.

  • TV Guide is born.

  • Playboy Magazine begins publication, featuring nudes of Marilyn Monroe in its first issue.

  • There are 26,000,000 TV sets in 28,000,000 homes.

 


ACADEMY AWARDS OF 1953


 

MOST POPULAR FILMS OF 1953

1. Roman Holiday
A bored and sheltered princess escapes her guardians and falls in love with an American newsman in Rome.
Dir: William Wyler; With: Gregory Peck, Audrey Hepburn, Eddie Albert

2. Peter Pan 
Wendy and her brothers are whisked away to the magical world of Neverland with the hero of their stories, Peter Pan.
Dir: Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson; With: Bobby Driscoll, Kathryn Beaumont, Hans Conried  

3. From Here to Eternity
In 1941 Hawaii, a private is cruelly punished for not boxing on his unit's team, while his captain's wife and second in command are falling in love.
Dir: Fred Zinnemann; With: Burt Lancaster, Montgomery Clift, Deborah Kerr

4. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
Two singers, best friends Lorelei Lee and Dorothy Shaw travel to Paris pursued by a private detective hired by Lorelei's fiancé's disapproving father to keep an eye on her, a rich, enamoured old man and many other doting admirers.
Dir: Howard Hawks; With: Jane Russell, Marilyn Monroe, Charles Coburn

5. The Wages of Fear
In a decrepit South American village, men are hired to transport an urgent nitroglycerine shipment without the equipment that would make it safe.
Dir: Henri-Georges Clouzot; With: Yves Montand, Charles Vanel, Peter van Eyck

6. Tokyo Story
An old couple visit their children and grandchildren in the city; but the children have little time for them.
Dir: Yasujirô Ozu; With: Chishû Ryû, Chieko Higashiyama, Sô Yamamura          

7. Stalag 17
When two escaping American World War II prisoners are killed, the German POW camp barracks black marketeer, J.J. Sefton, is suspected of being an informer.
Dir: Billy Wilder; With: William Holden, Don Taylor, Otto Preminger

8. How to Marry a Millionaire
Three women set out to find eligible millionaires to marry, but find true love in the process.
Dir: Jean Negulesco; With: Marilyn Monroe, Betty Grable, Lauren Bacall

9. Niagara
As two couples are visiting Niagara Falls, tensions between one wife and her husband reach the level of murder.
Dir: Henry Hathaway; With: Marilyn Monroe, Joseph Cotten, Jean Peters  

10. Shane
A weary gunfighter attempts to settle down with a homestead family, but a smoldering settler/rancher conflict forces him to act.
Dir: George Stevens; With: Alan Ladd, Jean Arthur, Van Heflin

TOP RATED TV SHOWS OF 1953 

  • I Love Lucy

  • Dragnet

  • Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts

  • You Bet Your Life

  • The Chevy Show (Bob Hope)

  • The Milton Berle Show

  •  Arthur Godfrey and His Friends

  • The Ford Show

  • The Jackie Gleason Show

  • Fireside Theatre

  • The Colgate Comedy Hour

  • This Is Your Life

  • The Red Buttons Show

  • The Life of Riley

  • Our Miss Brooks


 

TOP 10 SONGS OF 1953
(Songs listed are from rock and roll and related genres. These songs are ranked based on their intitial and lasting popularity, as well as their influence and impact on the evolution of rock and related genres. Songs are listed strictly in the year that they were originally released in.)

  • Money Honey, Drifters featuring Clyde McPhatter

  • Your Cheatin' Heart, Hank Williams

  • Crying In The Chapel, Orioles

  • Gee, Crows

  • Shake A Hand, Faye Adams

  • Honey Hush, Joe Turner

  • Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean, Ruth Brown

  • Hound Dog, Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton

  • Kaw-Liga, Hank Williams

  • The Things That I Used To Do, Guitar Slim 

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HIT PARADE OF 1953
(Entries are the overall best sellers for the calendar year as tabulated by Cash Box magazine)

  • Don't Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes, Perry Como

  • Side by Side, Kay Starr

  • You, You, You, Ames Brothers

  • April in Portugal, Les Baxter & His Orchestra

  • Vaya Con Dios (May God Be with You), Les Paul & Mary Ford

  •  I'm Walking Behind You, Eddie Fisher

  • Ricochet (Rick-O-Shay), Teresa Brewer

  • No Other Love, Perry Como

  • Oh! Pee Wee Hunt & His Orchestra

  • Rags to Riches, Tony Bennett

  • (How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window? Patti Page

  • Dragnet, Ray Anthony & His Orchestra

  • Many Times, Eddie Fisher

  • Till I Waltz Again With You, Teresa Brewer

  • The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where Is Your Heart?), Percy Faith & His Orchestra

  • Keep It a Secret, Jo Stafford

  • Ruby, Richard Hayman & His Orchestra

  • Eh, Cumpari, Julius LaRosa

  • I Love Paris, Les Baxter & His Chorus and Orchestra

  • Changing Partners, Patti Page

  • Pretend, Nat King Cole

  • Baubles, Bangles and Beads, Peggy Lee

  • P.S. I Love You, The Hilltoppers


 

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL OF 1953

1953 MLB AWARDS AND HONORS

MOST VALUABLE PLAYER AWARD


MLB ROOKIE OF THE YEAR AWARD


THE SPORTING NEWS PLAYER OF THE YEAR AWARD: Al Rosen, Cleveland Indians  


THE SPORTING NEWS PITCHER OF THE YEAR AWARD


THE SPORTING NEWS MANAGER OF THE YEAR AWARD: Casey Stengel, New York Yankees

 

1953 MLB STATISTICAL LEADERS

AMERICAN LEAGUE                               

  • AVG: Mickey Vernon, WSH, .337                          

  • WINS: Bob Porterfield, WSH                                                          

  • ERAEd Lopat, NYY, 2.42    

NATIONAL LEAGUE

1953 MLB WORLD SERIES: New Yankees over Brooklyn Dodgers (4-2)
The four-time defending champion New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers in in a rematch of the 1952 Series. The Yankees won in six games for their fifth straight title—a mark which has not been equaled and their sixteenth overall.

Billy Martin recorded his twelfth hit of the series scoring Hank Bauer in Game 6, and won the Series MVP.


1953 MLB ALL-STAR GAME: National League wins, 5-1
 

 OTHER 1953 MLB NEWS

  • Supreme Court rules (7-2) Major League baseball exempt from anti-trust laws as it is a sport not a business.

  • Baseball star/pilot Ted Williams uninjured as plane shot down in Korea.



IMPORTANT FOOTBALL NEWS OF 1953

1953 CHICAGO PREP BOWL: Saint George 38, Austin 12
 

1953 NFL MOST VALUABLE PLAYER: Otto Graham, Cleveland Browns, QB
 

1953 NFL STATISTICAL LEADERS

1953 NFL CHAMPIONSHIP: Lions over Browns (17-16)
 

1953 NFL PRO BOWL

  • SCORE: East 20, West 9

  • MVP: Chuck Bednarik, Philadelphia Eagles, Linebacker

  • COACHES: Paul Brown, Cleveland (EC) and Buddy Parker, Detroit (NC) 
     

OTHER 1953 NFL NEWS

  • Jim Thorpe died, March 28.

  • The names of the American and National conferences were changed to the Eastern and Western conferences, January 24.  

  • A Baltimore group headed by Carroll Rosenbloom was granted a franchise and was awarded the holdings of the defunct Dallas organization. The team, named the Colts, put together the largest trade in league history, acquiring 10 players from Cleveland in exchange for five.

  • Mickey McBride, founder of the Cleveland Browns, sold the franchise to a syndicate headed by Dave R. Jones.  

  • The NFL policy of blacking out home games was upheld by Judge Allan K. Grim of the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia, November 12.


 

NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCATION OF 1953

1953 NBA CHAMPIONSHIP: Minneapolis Lakers over Syracuse Nationals,
4 - 3
The Playoffs began with an awkward round robin, with the top three teams in each division playing each other to see which two would advance. New York's string of NBA Finals appearances ended as Syracuse came out of the East, while Minneapolis again won the West. In what would prove to be the last championship for the Lakers in Minneapolis, the Lakers took a hard-fought Game 7, 87-80.

 
OTHER 1953 NBA NEWS 

  • A curious rule was put in place in another attempt to cut down on the excessive fouls which was draining the excitement from the game. Each player was limited to two fouls per quarter; if he committed a third, he would have to be removed for the remainder of that quarter. The number of fouls decreased to 51 per game, but late-game free-throw shooting contests remained the rule.

  • Neil Johnston averaged a league-leading 24.4 ppg, and Bob Cousy finished second at 19.2 ppg and led the league in assists with 7.2 per game.

  • George Mikan, now 30, was playing fewer minutes as the Lakers tried to save him for the Playoffs. He still averaged 18.1 points and 14.3 rebounds per game.

  • John Kundla never received much credit for leading Minneapolis to five NBA titles in six years. Many said that any coach with Mikan, Jim Pollard, Vern Mikkelsen and the rest would win titles without much work.


 

ADDITIONAL SPORTS' NEWS OF 1953

1953 AUTO RACING

 
1953 BOXING

 
1953 WORLD FIGURE SKATING

1953 MEN'S GRAND SLAM GOLF

 

1953 WOMEN'S GOLF: The US Women's Open, Betsy Rawls

 

1953 U.S. TRIPLE CROWN THOROUGHBRED HORSE RACING

 

1953 ICE HOCKEY

 

1953 MEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS

 

1953 WOMEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS

 

*Maureen Connolly became the first woman to win the Grand Slam in tennis.

 

 

 

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