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1956


 
 

 

 

NEWS AT HOME IN 1956
  • President Eisenhower is re-elected by defeating Adlai E Stevenson.

  • Momentum builds in the quest for Civil Rights.

  • The first transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation from Newfoundland to Scotland.

  • A law is passed allowing the FBI to enter a kidnapping case 24 hours after the abduction. It had been considered a local matter.

  • By now, more than 80 percent of U.S. households have refrigerators. By contrast, only 8 percent of British households do.

  • The U.S. Department of Agriculture formulates the four basic food groups.

  • There are 39,628 motor vehicle related deaths. While in the air, there were 6 accidents resulting in 152 fatalities.

  • First aerial H-bomb, TNT equivalent equaled 10 million tons, was tested over Namu islet, Bikini Atoll.

  • Los Alamos Laboratory discovers the neutrino, an atomic particle with no electric charge.

  • Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere.

  • 650,000 US steel workers go on strike.

  • The La Leche League is founded in Illinois to encourage mothers to breast-feed their infants.

  • Admiral George Dufek, as part of Operation Deep Freeze, is the first American to land an airplane at South Pole.

  • Albert Woolson, the last Union soldier of the Civil War dies at age 109. (The last Confederate soldier, Walter Williams will die in 1959.)

  • Samuel J. Seymour, the last eyewitness to the death of Abraham Lincoln, dies.

  • Actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a highly publicized Monte Carlo wedding.

  • Marilyn Monroe marries Arthur Miller.


 

NEWS ABROAD IN 1956

  • Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of USSR Communist Party, denounces Stalin's excesses.

  • Polish workers' uprising against Communist rule in Poznan is crushed.

  • At a reception in the Kremlin, Soviet premier Nikita Khruschev tells ambassadors from the West, "History is on our side. We will bury you!"

  • 200,000 Soviet troops and tanks crush anti-Communist uprisings in Hungary.

  • Cease-fire forced by U.S. pressure stops the British, French, and Israeli advance after Egypt takes control of Suez Canal.

  • Morocco gains independence.

  • The Andrea Doria sinks.


 

COMMERCE IN 1956

  • U.S. GNP (Gross National Product) is $434.0 billion.

  • Federal minimum wage rises to $1.

  • The average weekly take-home pay for a worker with three dependents is $74.04.

  • The after-tax income of the average American is $1700, up $63 from 1955.

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average marks a new high of 500.24 points.The gross national product is $408 billion.

  • Unemployment is 4.2%.

  • There is a 48% business failure rate.

  • A dollar buys only as much food in 1956 as 41¢ bought in 1939.

  • T.V. remote control invented.

  • Velcro Introduced.

  • Pepsodent inaugurates "You'll wonder where the yellow went" ad campaign.

  • At a Fourth of July family barbecue, Milton Levine dreams up the idea for the first Ant Farm, complete with live ants.

  • Yahtzee is born!

  • Nate Sherman of Chicago establishes Midas and introduces the muffler guarantee. Hugh Landrum signs agreement to open first Midas Muffler shop in Macon, Georgia.

  • Budweiser Brewery introduces Busch beer.

  • Choosy mothers can now choose - Jif Peanut Butter!

  • Dash laundry detergent “gets clothes cleaner than any other product especially made for automatic washers!”

  • Certs, the first candy breath mint, is introduced.

  • Clairol introduces the "Does She or Doesn't She. Only her hairdresser knows for sure." advertising campaign.

  • Bob Cousy (basketball), Bobby Lane (football) and Duke Snider (baseball) get their own Wheaties boxes!

  • Imperial Margarine debutes.

  • TreeSweet, fruit juices introduced.

  • Americans exported 700 million cases of canned goods.

  • American will import 107,675 passenger cars.


 

ENTERTAINMENT IN 1956

  • Allen Ginsberg publishes Howl, which he had read the previous year at Berkeley. It will become a classic of the beat generation in American poetry and literature. "I've seen the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness."

  • Ingmar Bergman's The Seventh Seal debutes.

  • As the World Turns and Edge of Night premiere.

  • On the Air are 2,790 AM radio, 540 FM radio and 442 TV Stations.

  • My Fair Lady opens at the Mark Hellinger Theatre in New York and enjoys a run of 2,717 performances over nine years.

  • The Wizard of Oz first aired on TV.

  • Elvis Presley makes his television debut on CBS Dorsey Brothers' Stage Show.

  • Elvis Gyrates on Ed Sullivan's Show.

  • The first commercial videotape recorder is introduced. The device is intended for industrial applications, and it quickly revolutionizes the way television programming is produced.

  • Engineers race to produce a practical VCR for consumers.

  • The book, Peyton Place is published.

  • Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent.


 

ACADEMY AWARDS OF 1956


 

MOST POPULAR FILMS OF 1956

1. The Killing
Crooks plan and execute a daring racetrack robbery.
Dir: Stanley Kubrick; With: Sterling Hayden, Coleen Gray, Vince Edwards

2. The Ten Commandments
The Egyptian Prince, Moses, learns of his true heritage as a Hebrew and his divine mission as the deliverer of his people.
Dir: Cecil B. de Mille; With: Charlton Heston, Yul Brynner, Anne Baxter

3. Forbidden Planet
A starship crew goes to investigate the silence of a planet's colony only to find two survivors and a deadly secret that one of them has.
Dir: Fred McLeod Wilcox; With: Walter Pidgeon, Anne Francis, Leslie Nielsen

4. The Searchers
As a Civil War veteran spends years searching for a young niece captured by Indians, his motivation becomes increasingly questionable.
Dir: John Ford; With: John Wayne, Jeffrey Hunter, Vera Miles

5. Giant
Sprawling epic covering the life of a Texas cattle rancher and his family and associates.
Dir: George Stevens; With: Elizabeth Taylor, Rock Hudson, Jamesh Dean

6. The Man Who Knew Too Much
A family vacationing in Morocco accidentally stumble on to an assassination plot and the conspirators are determined to prevent them from interfering.
Dir: Alfred Hitchcock; With: James Stewart, Doris Day, Brenda De Banzie

7. Invasion of the Body Snatchers
A small-town doctor learns that the population of his community is being replaced by emotionless alien duplicates.
Dir: Don Siegel; With: Kevin McCarthy, Dana Wynter, Gates

8. Moby Dick
The sole survivor of a lost whaling ship relates the tale of his captain's self-destructive obsession to hunt the white whale, Moby Dick.
Dir: John Huston; With: Gregory Peck, Richard Basehart, Leo Genn

9. Bus Stop
A naive but stubborn cowboy falls in love with a saloon singer and tries to take her away against her will to get married and live on his ranch in Montana.
Dir: Joshua Logan; With: Marilyn Monroe, Don Murray, Arthur O'Connell

10. The King and I
Musical about a widow who accepts a job as a live-in governess of the King of Siam's children.
Dir: Walter Lang; With: Yul Brynner, Deborah Kerr, Rita Moreno


 

TOP RATED TV SHOWS OF 1956
(OCTOBER 1956 - APRIL 1957)

  • I Love Lucy

  • The Ed Sullivan Show

  • General Electric Theatre

  • The $64,000 Question

  • December Bride

  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents

  • I've Got A Secret

  • Gunsmoke

  • The Perry Como Show

  • The Jack Benny Show

  • Dragnet

  • Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts

  • The Millionaire

  • Disneyland

  • The Red Skelton Show


 

HIT PARADE OF 1956
(Songs listed are from rock and roll and related genres. These songs are ranked based on their intitial and lasting popularity, as well as their influence and impact on the evolution of rock and related genres. Songs are listed strictly in the year that they were originally released in.)

  • Hound Dog, Elvis Presley

  • Long Tall Sally, Little Richard

  • Blue Suede Shoes, Carl Perkins / Elvis Presley

  • Don't Be Cruel, Elvis Presley

  • Be-Bop-A-Lula, Gene Vincent & the Bluecaps

  • Roll Over Beethoven, Chuck Berry

  • In The Still Of The Night, Five Satins

  • Blueberry Hill, Fats Domino

  • Please, Please, Please, James Brown & the Famous Flames

  • I Walk The Line, Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Two


 

TOP 10 SONGS OF 1956
(Table entries are the overall best sellers for the calendar year as tabulated by Cash Box magazine.)

  • Don't be Cruel, Elvis Presley

  • Great Pretender, The Platters

  • My Prayer, The Platters

  • Wayward Wind, Gogi Grant

  • Whatever Will Be, Will Be, Doris Day

  • Heartbreak Hotel, Elvis Presley

  • Lisbon Antigua, Nelson Riddle

  • Canadian Sunset, Hugo Winterhalter

  • Moonglow (Theme from Picnic), Morris Stoloff

  • Honky Tonk, Bill Doggett (Benny Hill's theme song)


 

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL IN 1956

1956 MLB AWARDS AND HONORS

MOST VALUABLE PLAYER:

*The award for the top pitcher in baseball was introduced in 1956. Originally, only the best pitcher in baseball received the award. However, in 1967, the award was modified to honor the top pitcher in each league.


ROOKIE OF THE YEAR:


1956 MLB STATISTICAL LEADERS

AMERICAN LEAGUE

AVG: Mickey Mantle,* NYY, .353

HR: Mickey Mantle,* NYY, 52

RBI: Mickey Mantle,* NYY, 130

Wins: Frank Lary, DET, 21

ERA: Whitey Ford, NYY, 2.47

Ks: Herb Score, CLE, 263

 

*Major League Triple Crown Batting Winner


NATIONAL LEAGUE

 

1956 WORLD SERIES

The 1956 World Series of Major League Baseball was played between the New York Yankees and the defending champion Brooklyn Dodgers, a rematch of the 1955 World Series. It was the last all-New York Series until 2000, due to the Dodgers and Giants relocating after the 1957 season.

The Yankees won the Series in seven games, 4–3, capturing their seventeenth championship. Brooklyn won Games 1 and 2, but New York pitchers threw five consecutive complete games (Games 3–7) to cap off the comeback. The highlight was Don Larsen's perfect game in Game 5, the only no-hitter in the history of major league post-season play. Larsen was named the Series MVP for his achievement.

This was the last World Series to date not to have scheduled off days although Game 2 was postponed a day due to rain.


1956 ALL STAR GAME: National League wins, 7–3


 

IMPORTANT FOOTBALL NEWS OF 1956

1956 CHICAGO PREP BOWL: Leo 12, Calumet 0


1956 NFL STATISTICAL LEADERS

PASSING YARDS: Tobin Rote, 2,203, GNB

PASSES COMPLETED: Tobin Rote, 146, GNB

RUSHING YARDS: Rick Casares, 1,126, CHI

TOUCHDOWNS: Rick Casares, 14, CHI

RECEIVING YARDS: Billy Howton, 1,188, GNB

 

1956 NFL CHAMPIONSHIP: The Giants routed the Bears
47 - 7

 

1956 NFL PRO BOWL

SCORE: West 19, East 10

MVP

COACHES

 

OTHER 1956 NFL NEWS

  • The NFL Players Association was founded
    .
  • Grabbing an opponent's facemask (other than the ball carrier) was made illegal.
  • Using radio receivers to communicate with players on the field was prohibited.
  • A natural leather ball with white end stripes replaced the white ball with black stripes for night games.
  • The Giants moved from the Polo Grounds to Yankee Stadium.
  • Halas retired as coach of the Bears, and was replaced by Paddy Driscoll.
  • CBS became the first network to broadcast some NFL regular-season games to selected television markets across the nation.


 

NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION OF 1956

1956 NBA CHAMPIONSHIP: Boston Celtics over the St. Louis Hawks, 4-3
Game 7 of the 1957 NBA Finals was the type of game that could advance a sport by its sheer excitement. It was a game that would be talked bout for years: how rookies Russell (19 points, 32 rebounds) and Heinsohn (37 points, 23 rebounds) stepped up and provided the win that would set the Celtic dynasty in motion.

"The first one (championship) is always the hardest, and it's also the most satisfying," reflected Auerbach. "Everywhere I went that following summer, I could tell myself, `I'm the coach of the world champions.'

1956 NBA ALL STAR GAME

  • SCORE: West 108, East 94

  • MVP: Bob Pettit, St. Louis

 

ADDITIONAL SPORTS’ NEWS OF 1956

1956 AUTO RACING

 

1956 BOXING

  • Rocky Marciano retires as the only undefeated Heavyweight Champion of the world with a perfect record (49-0).

  • Floyd Patterson knocks out Archie Moore in the 5th round to win the vacant World Heavyweight title.

 

1956 WORLD FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONSHIPS

MEN'S: Hayes Alan Jenkins, United States

WOMEN'S: Carol Heiss, United States

PAIRS: Sissy Schwarz & Kurt Oppelt, Austria

 

1956 MEN'S GRAND SLAM GOLF

 

1956 WOMEN'S GOLF

 

1956 U.S. TRIPLE CROWN THOROUGHBRED HORSE RACING

 

1956 ICE HOCKEY

 

1956 ALPINE SKIING

THE MEN'S OLYMPIC GOLD MEDAL

 

THE WOMEN'S OLYMPIC GOLD MEDAL

 

1956 ISF WORLD SKIING

 

1956 MEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS

 

1956 WOMEN'S GRAND SLAM TENNIS

 
 
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