NEWS AT HOME IN 1957
- There are 38,702 motor vehicle related deaths. While in the air, there were 6 accidents resulting in 70 fatalities.
- Americans Clarence W. Lillehie and Earl Bakk invent the internal pacemaker.
- Pulitzer Prize awarded to John F. Kennedy for Profiles in Courage.
- The “Little Rock Nine” integrate Arkansas high school. Eisenhower sends troops to quell mob and protect school integration.
- Major John Glenn, Jr. sets an air speed record by traveling from California to New York in a jet in 3 hours, 23 minutes, and 8.4 seconds.
- The National Geographic announces that it has found the resting place of the H.M.S. Bounty.
- The first large scale American nucleur power plant goes into operation in Shippensport, PA and will service Pittsburgh.
- NYC ends trolley car service.
- Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower at the White House.
- B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack.
- AFL-CIO votes to expel the Teamsters, which was readmitted in October 1987.
- James Hoffa gains control of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters.
- Ed Gein's killing and mutilation spree is over as he is arrested. Gein was the inspiration for Norman Bates in Psycho and Buffalo Bill in Silence of the Lambs.
- Elizabeth Taylor's 2nd divorce (from Michael Wilding) and 3rd marriage (to Mike Todd).
- Singers Steve Lawrence and Eydie Gorme wed in Las Vegas.
- Senator Joseph McCarthy dies of cirrhosis of the liver.
NEWS ABROAD IN 1957
- Russians launch Sputnik I, first Earth-orbiting satellite—the Space Age begins.
- Laika Becomes the First Living Animal to Enter Orbit.
- Eisenhower Doctrine calls for aid to Mideast countries which resist armed aggression from Communist-controlled nations.
- Britian becomes the 3rd nation to join the "nuclear club" with the explosion of an atomic weapon.
- Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Market).
- Anthony Eden resigns, and Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister Britain.
- Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from UK as does Malayasia (formerly Malaya).
- Chairman Mao of China implements his "Great Leap Forward" which places 1 million Chinese in communes.
COMMERCE OF 1957
- U.S. GNP (Gross National Product) is $460.7 billion.
- Unemployment is 4.3%.
- The average American production worker is now making $82.32 a week.
- There is a 51.7% business failure rate.
- General Foods Corp. introduces TANG breakfast beverage crystals.
- Proctor and Gamble acquired Charmin Paper Mills, a regional manufacturer of toilet tissue, towels and napkins. P&G also introduces Zest Soap.
- Velcro is patented by George de Mestral of Switzerland.
- 5,000 new products wil hit the supermarket shelves, including frozen pizza.
- Edsel makes its brief appearance.
- Greyhound inaugurates the "It's such a comfort to take the bus and leave the driving to us" ad campaign.
- Eveready produces "AA" size alkaline batteries for use in "personal transistor radios."
- The Frisbee is renamed and nationally marketed!
- One thousand computers are sold. And, not one of them had a Windows operating system. Imagine that.
- Prime commercial paper (4 to 6 mos) was at 3.81%. In New York City a commercial loan ran 4.47%.
- American will import 258,343 passenger cars.
- Better Homes & Gardens prints its first microwave-cooking article.
- Pam (nonstick cooking spray) is introduced.
- Pillsbury refrigerated cookie dough makes its appearance.
- Margarine sales take the lead over butter.
- Williams-Sonoma opens in San Francisco.
- The Pink Flamingo is launched.
ENTERTAINMENT OF 1957
- Theodore Geisel (Dr. Seuss) writes and publishes the Cat in the Hat.
- There are 47,200,000 TV sets in use in 39,500,000 homes.
- Barry Gordy, Jr. invests $700 to found "Motown Records."
- The 13-year-old Bobby Fisher becomes a chess champion.
- On the Air! You'd find 2,974 AM radio, 530 FM radio and 471 TV Stations
- Music Man, starring Robert Preston, opens on Broadway.
- West Side Story, the energetic combination of talents, Leonard Bernstein (music), Stephen Sondheim (lyrics) and Jerome Robbins (choreography) opens on Broadway.
- Please Don't Eat the Daises by Jean Kerr is a book smash!
- Wagon Train, Have Gun Will Travel, Tales of Wells Fargo, and Maverick gallop on TV.
- American Bandstand goes national with Dick Clark as host.
- At a Miami radio station, new employee Lawrence Harvey Zeiger abruptly adopts a stage name, Larry King, and begins his broadcasting career.
- The publication of Jack Kerouac's On the Road introduces the words "beat" and "beatnik" into the American popular consciousness and gives a name to a generation.
ACADEMY AWARDS OF 1957
MOST POPULAR FILMS OF 1957
1. 12 Angry Men
A dissenting juror in a murder trial slowly manages to convince the others that the case is not as obviously clear as it seemed in court.
Dir: Sidney Lumet; With: Henry Fonda, Lee J. Cobb, Martin Balsam
2. Paths of Glory
When soldiers in WW1 refuse to continue with an impossible attack, their superiors decide to make an example of them.
Dir: Stanley Kubrick; With: Kirk Douglas, Ralph Meeker, Adolphe Menjo
3. The Seventh Seal
A man seeks answers about life, death, and the existence of God as he plays chess against the Grim Reaper during the Black Plague.
Dir: Ingmar Bergman; With: Max von Sydow, Gunnar Björnstrand, Bengt Ekerot
4. The Bridge on the River Kwai
After settling his differences with a Japanese POW camp commander, a British colonel co-operates to oversee his men's construction of a railway bridge for their captors - while oblivious to a plan by the Allies to destroy it.
Dir: David Lean; With: William Holden, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins
5. Wild Strawberries
After living a life marked by coldness, an aging professor is forced to confront the emptiness of his existence.
Dir: Ingmar Bergman; With: Victor Andersson, IngridThulin
6. An Affair to Remember
A couple falls in love and agrees to meet in six months at the Empire State Building - but will it happen?
Dir: Leo McCarey; With: Cary Grant, Deborah Kerr, Richard Denning
7. Witness for the Prosecution
Agatha Christie tale of a man on trial for murder: a trial featuring surprise after surprise.
Dir: Billy Wilder; With: Tyrone Power, Marlene Dietrich, Charles Laughton
8. Sweet Smell of Success
Powerful but unethical Broadway columnist J.J. Hunsecker coerces unscrupulous press agent Sidney Falco into breaking up his sister's romance with a jazz musician.
Dir: Alexande Mackendrick; With: Burt Lancaster, Tony Curtis, Susan Harrison
9. The Story of Esther Costello
Eighteen-year-old Esther has been deaf and blind since the accident which killed her mother.
Dir: David Miller; With: Joan Crawford, Heather Sears, Rossano Brazzi
10.The Prince and the Showgirl
Grandduke Charles, the prince-regent of Carpatha, a fictitious Balkan country could start a European war by switching alliances.
Dir: Laurence Olivier; With: Marilyn Monroe, Laurence Olivier, Richard Wattis
TOP RATED TV SHOWS OF 1957
(OCTOBER 1957 - APRIL 1958)
- The Danny Thomas Show
- Tales of Wells Fargo
- Have Gun Will Travel
- I've Got A Secret
- The Life and Legend of Wyatt Ear
- General Electric Theatre
- The Restless Gun
- December Bride
- You Bet Your Life
- The Perry Como Show
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents
- The Ford Show
- The Red Skelton Show
- The Gale Storm Show
- The Milionaire
- The Lineup
- This Is Your Life
- The $64,000 Question
- Zane Grey Theatre
- Wagon Train
TOP 10 SONGS OF 1957
(Songs listed are from rock and roll and related genres. These songs are ranked based on their initial and lasting popularity, as well as their influence and impact on the evolution of rock and related genres. Songs are listed strictly in the year that they were originally released in.)
- Jailhouse Rock, Elvis Presley
- Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On, Jerry Lee Lewis
- That'll Be The Day, Crickets
- Bye Bye Love, Everly Brothers
- Great Balls Of Fire, Jerry Lee Lewis
- School Day, Chuck Berry
- Rock And Roll Music, Chuck Berry
- Peggy Sue, Buddy Holly
- Lucille, Little Richard
- Rocking Pneumonia & the Boogie Woogie Flu, Huey "Piano" Smith & the Clowns
HIT PARADE OF 1957
(Songs listed are the overall best sellers for the calendar year as tabulated by Cash Box magazine.)
- Tammy, Debbie Reynolds
- Love Letters in the Sand, Pat Boone
- It's Not for Me to Say, Johnny Mathis
- Young Love,Tab Hunter
- Chances Are, Johnny Mathis
- Little Darlin, The Diamonds
- Bye Bye Love, Everly Brothers
- All Shook Up, Elvis Presley
- So Rare, Jimmy Dorsey
- Round and Round, Perry Como
MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL IN 1957
1957 MLB AWARDS AND HONORS
MOST VALUABLE PLAYER AWARD
ROOKIE OF THE YEAR AWARD
CY YOUNG AWARD: Warren Spahn, Milwaukee Braves (NL)
THE SPORTING NEWS PLAYER OF THE YEAR AWARD: Ted Williams, Boston Red Sox
THE SPORTING NEWS PITCHER OF THE YEAR AWARD
THE SPORTING NEWS MANAGER OF THE YEAR AWARD: Fred Hutchinson, St. Louis Cardinals
1957 MLB STATISTICAL LEADERS
& Billy Pierce, CHW, 20
- AVG: Stan Musial, STL, .351
- HR: Hank Aaron, MLN, 44
- RBI: Hank Aaron, MLN, 132
- WIN: Warren Spahn, MLN, 21
- ERA: Johnny Podres, BRO, 2.66
- Ks: Jack Sanford, PHI, 188
1957 MLB WORLD SERIES
The 1957 World Series featured the defending champions, the New York Yankees (American League), playing against the Milwaukee Braves (National League). The Braves had just won their first pennant since moving from Boston in 1953. The Braves won the Series in seven games, behind Lew Burdette's three complete game victories, and became the first team to win a championship after relocating.
Of the previous ten World Series, the Yankees had participated in eight of them and won seven.
Hank Aaron led all regulars with a .393 average and eleven hits, including a triple, three home runs and seven RBI.
1957 MLB ALL STAR GAME: American League wins, 6–5
OTHER 1957 MLB NEWS
- Jackie Robinson, perhaps the finest athelete of the century, announced his retirement from baseball.
- On September 4, the last game is played at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn as the Dodgers prepare to move to LA. On February 23 of 1960, they tore the stadium down; a date that will live in infamy for all Dodger fans!
IMPORTANT FOOTBALL NEWS OF 1957
CHICAGO PREP BOWL OF 1957: Mendel 6, CALUMET 0
NFL MVP OF 1957:
- Y.A. Tittle, QB, San Francisco
- Jim Brown, FB, Cleveland
- John Unitas, QB, Baltimore
NFL STATISTICAL LEADERS OF 1957
- PASSING YARDS: Johnny Unitas, 2,550, BAL
- PASSES COMPLETED: Y.A. Tittle, 176, SFO
- RUSHING YARDS: Jim Brown, 942, CLE
- TOUCHDOWNS: Lenny Moore, 11, BAL
- RECEIVING YARDS: Raymond Berry, 800, BAL
1957 NFL CHAMPIONSHIP GAME: Detroit defeated Cleveland 59-14
1957 NFL PRO BOWL
OTHER 1957 NFL NEWS OF
- Pete Rozelle was named general manager of the Rams.
- Anthony J. Morabito, founder and co-owner of the 49ers, died of a heart attack during a game against the Bears at Kezar Stadium.
- An NFL-record crowd of 102,368 saw the 49ers-Rams game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION OF 1957
1957 NBA CHAMPIONSHIP: St. Louis Hawks over Boston Celtics, 4-2.
When St. Louis and Boston split the first two games in Boston, it seemed another classic series was in the offing. But Bill Russell's sprained ankle in Game 3 turned the series in the Hawks' favor.
Boston showed gritty determination by tying the series with a win in Game 4 without Russell, but St. Louis won Game 5 in Boston by two points and Hawks forward Bob Pettit exploded for 50 points in Game 6 to give St. Louis its only league title.
1957 NBA ALL STAR GAME
- SCORE: East 109, West 97
- MVP: Bob Cousy, Boston
ADDITIONAL 1957 NBA NEWS: Bob Pettit won only one NBA Championship during his illustrious career, but that says more about the Celtics' dominance during that period than about the desire of the 6-9, 215-pound forward from LSU.
Pettit, who led the Hawks to the NBA Finals four times, retired after 11 seasons as the NBA's all-time leading scorer with 20,880 points.
ADDITIONAL SPORTS OF 1957
1957 AUTO RACING
1957 BOXING: Carmen Basilio won the World Middleweight Championship by a 15 round decision over Sugar Ray Robinson.
1957 WORLD FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONS
1957 MEN'S GRAND SLAM GOLF
1957 WOMEN'S GOLF
1957 U.S. TRIPLE CROWN THOROUGHBRED HORSE RACING
1957 ICE HOCKEY
1957 GRAND SLAM MEN'S TENNIS
1957 GRAND WOMEN'S SLAM TENNIS
*American Althea Gibson became the first black player to win a Wimbledon singles' championship.